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Plant Care

Below you will find general plant care guidelines. Please also note any special instructions included on our product webpages or with your order. If you have any additional questions, please contact us.

Greenovia Crafts airiums caring for Tillandsia air plants

The Tillandsia air plants in our airiums are low maintenance, but unusual by nature so please read on:

✽ Place airiums in bright, indirect light with good ventilation. We recommend no farther than 10 feet from a window. If your design is in a glass container, never place it in direct sun (it will get too hot).

✽ Water at least twice a week. In drier conditions, like a heated or air conditioned home, you may need to water up to four times a week. Remove the air plant and soak in water (filtered is better) for about 40 minutes. Shake off any excess water, let dry completely (about 4 hours) and then return to its home. When taking out and putting back your air plant, lead with its roots to avoid breaking any leaves.

✽ Misting does not provide air plants with enough water. You may lightly mist air plants in addition to (never in place of) watering, but please note that misting may damage other elements in the design (like dried flowers). Misting is not required if you are watering properly.

✽ Feed your air plants once a month using a speciality fertilizer for Tillandsia (or epiphytes) or a more generic one at 25% its strength. Simply add to water when soaking your plant.

✽ Some air plants may need a bit of grooming over time. As your plant grows or adjusts to new conditions, some of its lower leaves may dry out. These can be gently pulled off. You may also notice leaf tips drying out or roots becoming unruly - these can be snipped (for leaves, at an angle to maintain shape). Note that dry leaf tips may be an indication of under watering.

Please read this PDF for additional tips and information.

Kokedama caring for moss ball string gardens

Kokedama require a bit more effort than our other designs. Display indoors where light is bright but indirect. Most kokedama need to be watered once a week:

✽ Fill your sink or a bowl with enough tap water to cover the moss ball. Room temperature water is best, ideally left to sit for 24-hours if heavily chlorinated.

✽ Submerge the entire ball and bottom part of stem for about 5 minutes. If you see bubbles, wait for these to stop before taking out your kokedama. If your kokedama is floating after 5 minutes, give it a gentle squeeze and let it soak a bit longer.

✽ Remove and then gently squeeze again to let out access water and reshape any imperfections.

✽ Hang above a bowl, or place on a dish rack or strainer until the ball stops dripping (usually after 5-10 minutes). Return to its home.

Kokedama may be sat on a surface or hung up. Either way, make sure your table or floor will not be damaged by stray water drops, moss, soil or twine dye. Kokedama look lovely displayed in decorative dishes like bonsai plates.

You may need to add new twine to your kokedama after a few months, and will most likely need to replant it into a larger kokedama design or pot after about a year.

Please read this additional PDF for kokedama tips and troubleshooting.

Marimo caring for marimo moss balls

Marimo are low maintenance, but like all living things they do need a bit of care:

✽ Rotate your marimo regularly to maintain its ball shape. In the wild, marimo grow round because they get bounced around by waves and currents. Carefully move your container around to rotate the marimo or better yet, roll the marimo between your palms every time you water.

✽ Low to medium indirect light is best. Marimo do well in most lighting conditions, but avoid direct light. Remember: wild marimo live at the bottom of cool lakes.

✽ Change the water once a week and, optionally, give it a stir every so often. If you notice the water level decreasing, make sure to top it up. Regular tap water will do, but if your water is heavily chlorinated it is best to let it sit for a day before using with marimo. Filtered water is good, too.

Under optimum conditions, you may find your marimo growing about 5mm annually. If at any point it becomes too big for its container, please give it a new home.

IMPORTANT: If you are planning on adding fish to your marimo, please keep in mind that none of our designs are meant as aquariums. At Greenovia Crafts we know nothing about fish, so please consult an aquarium specialist if you do want your marimo to live together with animals of any kind.

Please read this PDF for troubleshooting tips.

Greenovia Crafts succulent planters caring for succulents

Succulents are drought-resistant and easy to care for:

✽ Succulents like about six hours of bright light every day. Place your succulent where it will get enough light, but avoid burning it (that usually happens when exposed to too much direct sun). Taking it outdoors during warmer months is a good idea to give it some more light.

✽ The easiest way to kill a succulent is to overwater it. We suggest watering once a week: water enough so the soil is thoroughly damp, then allow it to dry completely before watering again. Do not use spray bottles, and avoid constantly wet roots. If you see water trickling through to the bottom stone layer in your glass container, you are definitely overwatering! During winter, water a bit less since succulents tend to go dormant.

✽ Spring through autumn, fertilize your succulents every two weeks or so using a balanced fertilizer (10-10-10) at 25% its strength. No need to fertilize during winter.

✽ Your succulent will probably need repotting after a year or certainly two, and immediately if you notice it outgrowing its container, shooting roots out into the base layer of stones or pushing up out if its soil.

Please refer to this PDF for succulent tips and troubleshooting.

Greenovia Crafts caring for terrarium moss and other plants

Terrarium care is super easy:

✽ If your terrarium is a closed container with only moss, place it in a shady spot and mist every 2-3 weeks. No direct light, please.

✽ If it also contains other plants in the closed container, place it in a spot with more indirect light. You will need to use a turkey baster or funnel to water the non-moss plants at their roots every week or two (just enough to dampen soil). In addition, mist moss every three weeks.

✽ If the container is an open design with moss and plants, water plants about every five days and mist moss weekly.

Be careful not to overwater. If you notice water condensing on the sides of your container, you are overwatering. Leave the lid off for a couple of days to let extra water evaporate out. Water less.

You are also probably overwatering if you see mold growing inside your terrarium or little flies flitting about your moss. Water less! Scrape the mold off to remove it. To deal with the little buggers, usually gnats, there are several methods to try:

Wipe daily and coat the inside of the terrarium lid with natural citrus extract, which should get rid of gnats in a week or two. You can also try neem spray.

✽ Wrap yellow sticky paper (available at garden centers) around a stick and place inside terrarium. Gnats should disappear after a month or so.

✽ You can also try organic garden dust that contains Bacillus thuringiensis.

It is good practice to open your closed terrarium for a couple of hours every week to let in fresh air. If the terrarium contains plants, you may also need to trim these back as they grow. Always remove any dropped leaves or dying stems to avoid rotting that may lead to mold.